The female egg is one of the most important elements in the reproductive process, so it is extremely important that you know all the details about it, its quality, size, appearance and about the problems that may occur.
On the other hand, the egg and ovary duo is essential at all times if you are trying to conceive a baby and expand your family. In this publication we will share with you what an egg is, its characteristics, its function and all the criteria you must take into account to achieve pregnancy.
What are eggs?
Eggs are female sex cells, known in scientific circles as gametes. When askedwhat are ova? We can say that they are the main actors in the reproduction process.
Ovulation in females begins during adolescence, usually at the age of eleven, and ends around the age of fifty with menopause.
Mature eggs are produced in menstrual cycles, approximately every 28 days. If the egg is not fertilized, it will be released through menstruation.
As for the size of an egg, it is spherical in shape and has a diameter of about 130 microns. On the other hand, among the information concerning what an egg is, you should know where the eggs are produced or where the eggs are formed, which occurs in the ovaries.
How many eggs does a woman have?
The number of a woman’s eggs varies depending on several factors, among which age predominates. Therefore, in order to know how many eggs a woman has, different scenarios must be taken into account:
For example, the answer to the question “How many eggs is a woman born with? The fact is that each girl is born with a finite number of eggs, which is approximately one million.
But the number of eggs is lost with the passage of time. So you should also ask yourself how many oocytes a woman has in adolescence. Eggs at this stage are about 300,000.
Another number is how many eggs are in a woman’s reproductive phase, and the answer is: about 400 eggs from ovulation.
How many oocytes is normal to have?
During a woman’s reproductive stage, 400 oocytes are normally released, one per menstrual cycle. Female eggs remain inactive, suspended in the middle of cell division in their follicle, until they are released. Thus, the life of an egg cell is the longest compared to the rest of the cells in the organism.
Another frequently asked question is how many eggs are expelled during menstruation. That is, how many eggs a woman produces per month or how many eggs are released per month. In this regard, you should know that, at ovulation, an ovary releases only one egg.
It is important to know how many eggs are produced per month, so you can be aware that everything is in order when you are trying to get pregnant.
A perfect female ovum has the chromosomal endowment and the appropriate morphological characteristics for gestation to occur. A woman’s actual eggs may have morphological problems, representing lower ovarian quality. This can be easily detected.
But you should keep in mind that what affects the quality of the eggs is mainly the age of the female. The passage of time can damage the genetic load of the egg, although not always its morphology.
If you are wondering how to know the quality of your eggs, here is some information that can serve as a guide:
A woman with normal ovarian reserve may have the following number of mature oocytes:
- During puberty between 300,000 – 500,000.
- At the age of 30, approximately 316,800 oocytes.
- How many eggs does a 40-year-old woman have: about 79,200.
- When it comes to how many eggs a 50-year-old woman has, the number is minimal to none.
How often does a woman ovulate?
The relationship of ovaries and eggs is close with regard to the ovulation process.
A standard menstrual cycle has 28 days, and ovulation normally occurs 14 days before the next menstrual period begins. These data can serve as a basis for how to know if you ovulate well.
However, you should keep in mind that each woman’s cycle may vary in length of time, as well as the period between ovulation and the next menstrual period.
The functioning of the eggs and ovaries is different among women, so some may begin to release eggs several days earlier or later than indicated by the statistical data.
How many ovaries does a woman have?
Women have two ovaries, located to the left and right of the uterus. These are similar in shape and size to an almond.
On the other hand, they are in charge of producing and storing eggs. This is why the relationship between ovaries and eggs is so close. The ovary releases the egg during ovulation, and if the egg is fertilized by a sperm, pregnancy may result.
This is why it is taken into consideration how many ovaries a woman has when she wants to conceive. Depending on the quantity and quality of the oocytes, the possibility of pregnancy increases or decreases.
In addition, the ovaries produce estrogen and progesterone, female hormones.
How do you know if the ovaries are not releasing eggs?
Now that you know what ovum means, what its function and importance is, you also need to know if you are fertile or not. You can know this by checking the egg reserve in your ovaries, whether your ovaries are releasing eggs properly, and whether your reproductive system looks healthy.
To get the information you need, you may choose to have an antimullerian hormone (AMH) test and an ultrasound.
How many eggs are fertilized in IVF?
The number of eggs depends on several factors such as the patient’s age, but an average number is 8 eggs.
Where do the eggs go when there is no uterus?
Despite not having a uterus, the ovaries will continue to produce eggs and hormones until menopause occurs. But since the egg cannot be fertilized, it fades away after 24 hours.